Earhart Lost - History

Earhart Lost - History

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Amelia Earhart was lost over the Pacific on her attempt to make an "around the world" flight along the equator. The flight began in Miami and had made it around the world to Lae (in the Pacific). Her last words that were heard from her Lockheed Electra were "we are flying North East."

Al-Hakim was a 10th–11th-century ruler of the Fatimid dynasty who was known for his erratic and contradictory leadership. He led for 25 years (996–1021) of his known 36 years of life, during which time he, for instance, established a generous policy to support the poor only to follow it with some astonishingly harsh or strange edict such as forbidding women to leave their homes and then forbidding cobblers to make or sell women’s footwear. One night in February 1021 al-Hakim rode out of Cairo. He was never heard from again, nor was his body ever found.

The eldest son of King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville was born while his father was abroad in Holland. When Edward IV returned to his royal position, he named his son the prince of Wales. But upon the king’s death, a dispute erupted between the child’s maternal and paternal uncles concerning the legitimacy of the king’s marriage to Elizabeth. Ultimately, Edward V and his brother Richard, duke of York, were locked away in the Tower of London. It is presumed that they were murdered and that skeletons found in the tower in 1647 were those of the boys.

A History of Disappearing Flights: Amelia Earhart, The Bermuda Triangle, MH370 and Others

The two planes that disappeared this year are far from the first to vanish.

Amelia Earhart: 75 Years Later

— -- The latest disappearance of a commercial airline in Asia comes just nine months after Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 vanished and they are far from the first to get lost in the air.

In what seems like a tragic case of deja vu, the world's top aviation experts and investigators are actively working to find the AirAsia jet that is believed to have run into bad weather somewhere over the Java Sea.

While there has been no sign of any crash site yet, the response team is headed into Day Three of the search on Tuesday.

As the search for MH370 remains active in the Indian Sea, this weekend's disappearance comes as the latest in a growing list of aircrafts that has seemingly vanished from the sky. Here are some of the most infamous cases.

America's most famous missing pilot, Amelia Earhart, took off in 1937 on what she hoped would be the first female-piloted circumnavigational flight. She had previously become the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.

During a descent while in the Pacific Ocean, Earhart radioed that she could not see her landing strip and was running low on gas. Her plane was never found and questions remain today about what really happened to Earhart.

Bermuda Triangle (1940s through 1960s)

Flight 19, made up of a fleet of five Navy torpedo bombers training over the Atlantic in December 1945, disappeared halfway through their training exercise more than 100 miles off the cost of Florida. A search and rescue plane sent to look for them also disappeared.

A slew of planes disappeared in the area known as the Bermuda triangle between the years of 1945 and 1970, including one plane with 32 people on board that was never found.

Pan Am Flight 7 (1957)

On Nov. 8, 1957, Pan Am Flight 7 was en route from San Francisco to Hawaii when it vanished in the Pacific Ocean. The Boeing 337 plane wreckage was found a week later by the Navy aircraft carrier Philippine Sea, which spotted bodies and plane debris floating off course in the ocean northeast of Honolulu.

The crash, which killed 44 people, has never been definitively determined. The mystery was exacerbated by the fact that no distress signals were sent and toxicology reports revealed higher than normal carbon monoxide levels in the bodies of recovered passengers.

Flying Tiger Line (1962)

A U.S. military plane carrying 90 soldiers disappeared during a flight from Guam to the Philippines and left no trace of wreckage or a mayday call.

Stolen Angola Plane (2003)

A Boeing 727 took off from Quatro de Fevereiro International Airport in Luanda, Angola without clearance or a flight plan on May 25, 2003. The plane, which wasn't painted with an airline logo, hasn't been seen since.

According to the FBI, it was once part of the fleet of a major airline, however it had since been outfitted to carry diesel fuel. Officials said they believed Ben Charles Padilla, an aviation engineer and pilot, may have been on the plane when it disappeared.

Air France Flight 447 (2009)

One of the deadliest crashes in recent history came in 2009 when 228 people died on board an Air France flight from Rio de Janiero to Paris that crashed in the Atlantic Ocean on June 1, 2009.

Though Brazilian authorities found the first pieces of evidence from the crash site less than a week after the crash, the depth of the ocean and the scatter of the debris meant that it took much longer to formally conclude the investigation.

The search for the plane continued for nearly two years, however, since the black boxes were not recovered until May 2011. The final report on the investigation was not released for another year on top of that.

Malaysian Airlines Flight 370 (2014)

The first aviation catastrophe of the year came when Malaysian Airlines flight 370 disappeared shortly after taking off in Kuala Lumpur bound for Beijing on March 8. There has been no trace of the plane or any of the 239 people on board ever since and the search is ongoing.

The drama and confusion surrounding this particular crash came from the fact that the plane, which was traveling in clear skies, the search area changed directions completely once tracking data showed that the plane made a significant and unplanned turn away from the scheduled flight path and towards the Indian Ocean.

AirAsia Flight QZ8501

The latest air tragedy occurred early Sunday morning when an AirAsia jet lost contact with air traffic control over the Java Sea during a flight to Singapore shortly after the pilots requested a change of flight plan because of weather.

The flight had at least 162 people on board.

"We currently suspect that plane is located on the ocean floor," Bambang Soelistyo, the head of Indonesia’s National Search and Rescue Agency, announced in a news conference on Sunday.

Amelia Earhart: The Lost Evidence

The disappearance of Amelia Earhart and her navigator Fred Noonan on July 2, 1937 is one of the greatest unsolved mysteries of all time. Now, 80 years later, newly uncovered evidence from within U.S. Government archives may finally bring this case to a close. Former FBI Executive Assistant Director, Shawn Henry, investigates new, shocking evidence supporting that Earhart survived her final flight, crash-landed in the Marshall Islands, and was captured by the Japanese military – dying in their custody on Saipan. HISTORY's two-hour special Amelia Earhart: The Lost Evidence, unveils original U.S. documents containing new information about the fate of this American legend, including a never-before-seen photograph presumed to be Earhart and Noonan after their crash, and how the U.S. government may have covered it up.

The special begins with Henry disclosing a photograph found by Former US Treasury Agent, Les Kinney, deeply hidden and mislabeled in the U.S. National Archives depicting Earhart, Noonan and their ill-fated plane at a dock in the Marshall Islands. Henry leads a team of investigators in evaluating and testing the photograph with extensive recognition and proportional comparison technology.

The show presents evidence verified by some of the most reputable professionals in the world including: plane parts found on an uninhabited island of the Marshall Islands by Earhart Investigator, Dick Spink, consistent with the aircraft that Earhart was flying in 1937 and an original interview with the last living eyewitness who claims to have seen Earhart and Noonan after their crash.

Amelia Earhart: The Lost Evidence

Amelia Earhart: The Lost Evidence explores the mysterious disappearance of aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart and her navigator Fred Noonan in 1937 during their attempt to circumnavigate the globe. Almost a century later, searching through national archives has uncovered details that may solve this case.

Shawn Henry, a former FBI official, investigates shocking evidence supporting the idea that Amelia survived her last flight, including a photograph purporting to show herself and Fred to be still alive in the Marshall Islands after the disappearance. Having crashed on the islands, it is said that she was then caught by the Japanese military and died in their custody.

The documentary presents evidence that has been verified by the reputable professionals. This includes plane parts discovered on the Marshall Islands that are of the same aircraft type Amelia was flying, and an interview with an eyewitness who claims to have seen Amelia and Fred after they crashed.

Internet Is Freaking Out About This Newly Discovered Photo That Shows Amelia Earhart Survived Her Crash

The fate of famous aviator Amelia Earhart and her navigator Fred Noonan remains one of the greatest unsolved mysteries of our time. But a newly discovered photograph might just hold the key to unlocking the truth about what really happened on the final leg of her attempt to become the world&rsquos first female pilot to circumnavigate the globe.

80 years ago, while flying over the South Pacific on July 2nd 1937, the duo vanished while heading east from Papua New Guinea. In Earhart&rsquos final radio communication, she noted that they were running low on gas, and this led people to believe that the pair most likely crashed into the sea. But former FBI official Shawn Henry believes that the picture below, unearthed by retired US Treasury Agent Les Kinney in 2012, proves that Earhart and Noonan actually landed safely but were then captured by the Japanese. This isn&rsquot the first time that this theory has been put forward, but it is the first time that a photograph has emerged that seemingly supports such a claim.

&ldquoThis absolutely changes history,&rdquo Henry told People Magazine. &ldquoI think we proved beyond a reasonable doubt that she survived her flight and was held prisoner by the Japanese on the island of Saipan, where she eventually died.&rdquo

Henry&rsquos investigation has resulted in a documentary that will air on the History Channel on Sunday, July 9th, called Amelia Earhart: The Lost Evidence. Tune in to see for yourself if this ongoing mystery is about to be solved.

In Search of Amelia Earhart’s Vanished Poetry

If she had never developed a penchant for flying, might we still remember Amelia Earhart for another talent of hers? It’s more likely than you might think — turns out the groundbreaking pilot also had a penchant for poetry. At Literary Hub, Traci Brimhall looked back over Earhart’s literary ventures, and discovered evidence of an ambitious and talented body of work.

Brimhall is a talented poet in her own right she’s also the Director of Creative Writing at Kansas State University. (Her bio also notes that she and Earhart share a birthday.) She also notes that Earhart’s husband, George Palmer Putnam, preserved some fragments of Earhart’s poetry after her disappearance others have been found in the archive of Earhart and Putnam’s letters at Purdue University.

The poetry of Earhart’s that remains has prompted plenty of analysis, with details examined from all sides. As Brimhall phrases it:

Searching the archives for Amelia Earhart’s lost poems is a study in fragments—every tucked-away line on the back of a receipt hidden in a notebook an invitation to speculate on her thoughts. Even when her widower published pieces of her verse in his memoir, he had an independent source verify the authenticity of one of them, unsure if the private voice on the page was indeed hers.

Brimhall’s essay provides some fascinating insights into Earhart’s work, marriage and general philosophy of life. Even more than that, it offers a strange kind of solace: the notion that even through incomplete pieces of something, a sense of the whole can emerge. It’s a haunting look at a mysterious and inspiring life.

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New Clues Regarding Amelia Earhart’s Last Flight Detailed in Long-Lost Letter

A long-lost letter detailing Amelia Earhart’s final voyage has been found in California. The letter, which was found by a man in San Diego, contained the last known correspondence from Earhart’s navigator Frederick Noonan prior to their disappearance.

On July 2, 1937, Earhart and Noonan, who were in a Lockheed aircraft attempting to fly around the planet, hit major trouble when they lost their bearings and were running low on fuel near Howland Island in the Pacific Ocean. Neither Earhart nor Noonan have ever been found and the case remains one of history’s biggest mysteries.

Amelia Earhart’s Lockheed Electra 10E

But now, almost 84 years after their disappearance, new evidence has been reported in the form of old letters. Hunter Person explained that he first heard about the letters when he was a teenager when his mother found them in his grandfather’s old desk about 40 years ago. His grandfather and Fred Noonan were close friends and they exchanged several letters over the years.

A total of four letters were found in the old desk that were written during several voyages that Noonan had taken with Earhart between 1935 and 1937. When Person rediscovered the old letters, he shared them with FOX5 and then with the San Diego Air and Space Museum.

While all of the letters were very interesting, one in particular holds significant information – a 17-page letter written during their final and tragic around-the-world flight. Person explained that the letter had a postmark from Bandung, Java that was dated June 23, 1937 and mailed from the Indonesia’s Grand Hotel. Tragically, just nine days later, Earhart and Noonan would both disappear somewhere over the Pacific Ocean.

In an interview with FOX5, Jim Kidrick from the San Diego Air & Space Museum stated that the letter contains specific dates, locations, weather challenges, and other important details regarding their last flight. “(There’s) nothing like this,” he said, adding, “This is like someone’s journal. This is like a diary, you know, it’s a reveal that we just never expected. I never expected to ever read something like this — ever.”

As for the fate of the letters, Person said that he wants them to be in the possession of the right people such as a collector or the museum.

Kidrick went on to say, “This is the last great unfound mystery.” “They found the Bizmark, the German battleship, they found the Titanic, and other things in the world, but this is a mystery everyone would like to solve.”

Let’s hope that the letters can provide some sort of answers to the mystery of what happened to Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. A video about the discovery of the letters can be viewed here.

Fateful final flight

Earhart’s achievements in aviation had already made her an international household name when, in 1937, she set out to become the first woman to fly around the world, a grueling 29,000-mile eastbound journey that roughly followed the Equator. A failed attempt in March damaged her plane, but after repairs, she and her navigator, Fred Noonan, departed from Oakland, California, on May 21.

After 22,000 miles, 40 days, and more than 20 stops, they arrived in Lae, on the eastern coast of Papua New Guinea. On the morning of July 2, Earhart and Noonan began what was expected to be the hardest leg of their trip: to Howland Island, a 1.5-mile-long coral atoll in the central Pacific Ocean. More than 2,500 miles of ocean stretched between Lae and the remote spit of land that was their next stop to refuel.

After hours of flight, during their final approach to Howland, Earhart radioed the Itasca. The ship was receiving her transmissions—at one point the signal was so strong that the ship’s radio operator ran to the deck to search the skies for Earhart’s plane—but most of the signals the ship returned were not reaching Earhart and Noonan.

The Electra never made it to Howland Island, and a massive search failed to find any sign of the missing aviator and her plane. Two weeks later, the United States declared Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan lost at sea. The U.S. government’s official position is that the Electra, unable to establish radio contact with the Itasca, ran out of fuel and crashed into the ocean.

A surprising twist in the hunt for Amelia Earhart’s lost plane

Robert Ballard is the finder of important lost things.

In 1985, he discovered the Titanic scattered beneath the Atlantic Ocean. He and his team also located the giant Nazi battleship Bismarck and, more recently, 18 shipwrecks in the Black Sea.

Ballard has always wanted to find the remains of the plane Amelia Earhart was flying when she disappeared in 1937. But he feared the hunt would be yet another in a long line of futile searches.

“You have it in a holding pattern in your head,” says Ballard, founder of the Ocean Exploration Trust. “You’re still saying, ‘No, no, it’s too big a search area.’”

Then, a few years ago, another group of explorers found clues so compelling that Ballard changed his mind. Now, not only is he certain he knows where the plane is, he has set course for a remote atoll in the Pacific island nation of Kiribati to recover it.

Unexplained shadow 600ft under Pacific could be Amelia Earhart’s missing plane

1 /7 Unexplained shadow 600ft under Pacific could be Amelia Earhart’s missing plane

Unexplained shadow 600ft under Pacific could be Amelia Earhart’s missing plane


Unexplained shadow 600ft under Pacific could be Amelia Earhart’s missing plane


Unexplained shadow 600ft under Pacific could be Amelia Earhart’s missing plane


Unexplained shadow 600ft under Pacific could be Amelia Earhart’s missing plane


Unexplained shadow 600ft under Pacific could be Amelia Earhart’s missing plane


Unexplained shadow 600ft under Pacific could be Amelia Earhart’s missing plane


Unexplained shadow 600ft under Pacific could be Amelia Earhart’s missing plane


If his expedition succeeds, he’ll not only solve one of the enduring mysteries of the 20th century. The 77-year-old explorer will also be transferring his legacy of discovery to a new generation of oceanic detectives.

Until recently, Ballard accepted the US navy’s version of Earhart’s fate: on 2 July 1937, near the end of their round-the-world flight, the aviator and her navigator, Fred Noonan, vanished over the Pacific. After a lengthy and costly search, the navy concluded, on 18 July 1937, that the two died shortly after crashing into the ocean.

But in 2012, an old friend presented Ballard with a startling alternative.

Kurt M Campbell, who served as assistant secretary of state for east Asian and Pacific affairs in the Obama administration, invited Ballard to a meeting. The two had known each other since their days in naval intelligence.

Campbell ushered him into his office, Ballard recalls: “He closed the door, and he said, ‘I want to show you a picture.’”

First, he offers Ballard a grainy black-and-white photo. “He said, ‘What do you see?’ I said, ‘I see an island with a ship on a reef?’ And he said, ‘No, look over to the left.’”


As Ballard squinted at the blur, Campbell handed him a second, digitally enhanced image. Campbell said the smudge was landing gear from a Lockheed Model 10E Electra. And the reef in the picture was part of tiny Nikumaroro, in the mostly uninhabited Phoenix Islands.

There it was, a precise place to look for Earhart’s plane.

“I went, ‘I’ll be damned,’” Campbell says. “‘That really narrows the search, doesn’t it?’”

The old photograph was taken by Eric Bevington, a British colonial officer, in October 1937, three months after Earhart disappeared. Bevington and his team had scouted Gardner Island, now called Nikumaroro. A British freighter had run aground years before on the northwest corner of the island, and the young officer snapped a picture of it.

Bevington didn’t know he had also captured something sticking out of the water. The Bevington Object, as it became known, was less than 1mm long – a tiny speck near the edge of the frame.

Decades later, an organisation called The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery, or Tighar, received Bevington’s pictures. The group is a nonprofit organisation dedicated to aviation archaeology and aircraft preservation. It has been heavily involved in searching for Earhart at Nikumaroro.

Fascination with Earhart’s disappearance has led to wild theories: that she was an American spy captured by the Japanese, or that she lived out her days after assuming a false identity as a New Jersey housewife.

Those who believe in the crash at Nikumaroro say it was along Earhart’s stated navigational line.

The navy even followed clues based on distress calls and dispatched the Colorado, a battleship, from Pearl Harbour in Hawaii, to search the Phoenix Islands. But Ballard and Tighar researchers believe tides would have dragged the plane into deeper waters by the time it arrived at Nikumaroro.

That really narrows the search, doesn’t it?

According to the official report, a search pilot saw “signs of recent habitation” there. But because nobody waved them down, the search team left and the navy dismissed the theory. What the sailors didn’t know was that the island had been uninhabited for 40 years.

Others say it’s unlikely the island was where Earhart’s life ended.

Dorothy Cochrane, curator for general aviation at the National Air and Space Museum, believes that Earhart crashed in the ocean near Howland Island, Earhart’s original destination, hundreds of miles to the northwest.

In 2010, the notion that the real site may be Nikumaroro got a boost when Jeff Glickman, a forensic imaging expert for Tighar, spotted the blur in the Bevington photo and concluded its shape was consistent with Lockheed Electra landing gear.

Armed with this clue, Richard E Gillespie, the director of Tighar, reached out to Campbell, an avid Earhart fan, for a second opinion.

Campbell shared the photo with experts at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, who used classified technology to enhance the picture. It was sent to intelligence analysts at the Pentagon, who independently concluded the object looked like the landing gear of a Lockheed Model 10E Electra, Campbell said.

So Campbell called Ballard to see if he thought it was a good idea to support Gillespie’s 2012 mission to Nikumaroro, one of a dozen Tighar has made to the island, but the first to search underwater.

That expedition was unsuccessful. But the group didn’t have the funding or capabilities of Ballard and his team. And with his ship, the Nautilus, now in the Pacific Ocean, and its other research obligations completed, Ballard is ready to focus on the search for Earhart.

“The more I read, the more I was convinced I could do it,” he says.

Beyond his 60 years of experience, Ballard’s ship is equipped with a suite of high-definition cameras, a 3D-mapping system and remotely operated underwater vehicles, or ROVs, one of which can descend nearly 20,000ft.

Imagine searching the side of a volcano at night with a flashlight

But that doesn’t mean the expedition will be easy.

Viewed from above, Nikumaroro is small and flat. But the island is only the plateau of a steep underwater mountain rising 10,000ft from the ocean floor. Earhart landed on the very edge of the island, Ballard believes. As tides rose, her plane may have slipped down the underwater slope.

The ridges of the mountain are rugged – full of troughs and valleys that can hinder sonar. After using onboard technology to create a 3D map of its sides, the team will have to search the mountain visually, monitoring video feeds from the ROVs in 12-hour shifts.

“Imagine searching the side of a volcano at night with a flashlight,” Ballard says.

Gillespie fears what’s left of the Electra might be no more than scattered debris. Still, Ballard’s technology gives him hope. Even those who doubt the Nikumaroro hypothesis think Ballard’s high-tech search at least may prove Earhart was never there.


“It’s time to set that theory straight, and hopefully this will do that,” says Cochrane.

The expedition is being funded by the National Geographic Society, which will record the progress of the Nautilus and its crew for a television programme.

The crew’s efforts will be complemented by a team on the island led by Fredrik Hiebert, the National Geographic Society’s archaeologist-in-residence.

For this expedition, Ballard will share leadership on the Nautilus with Allison Fundis, an up-and-coming explorer he hopes will eventually take his place.

“I feel like Leakey handing it off to Jane Goodall,” he says, referencing her mentor, the paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey.

Ballard feels strongly about promoting women, especially as the Nautilus searches the ocean for one of history’s great female pioneers. Women make up just over half of the crew of the ship.

Fundis says she is thrilled to be sharing leadership of the Earhart expedition.

“She just had a remarkable life and was a remarkable person, with a sense of bravery that broke down barriers and expectations at a time when society kind of felt like a woman really shouldn’t or couldn’t accomplish what she did,” Fundis says.

The two explorers are confident they will find the Electra.

“Science explorers are like an ideal gas,” Ballard jokes. “They can expand to fill any volume, but they can only do work under pressure.”

Then he laughs, “And the pressure’s on.”