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Mexican archaeologists They discovered a cave with hundreds of archaeological relics that could unveil the mysteries of the fascinating Mayan city and ceremonial center of Chichén Itzá, located in the Yucatan Peninsula, reported this Monday the scientist in charge of the project.
In that "mystical space" called Balakmul and considered a "scientific treasure", seven offerings have been found consisting of ceramic censers "Tlaloc type" - that is, with features similar to the image of the rain god in the Mayan worldview - and other objects, he said at a conference the researcher Guillermo de Anda.
By discovering the dates of elaboration of these artifacts, archaeologists trust that they will be able to define who they were and from where their ancient inhabitants, the Itza, came.
The cavern had been discovered more than 50 years ago by some locals who notified the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH).
An investigator sent by the INAH in turn decided to block the entrance for unknown reasons and only made a brief technical report in which he did not indicate his location.
That file was read by the archaeologist De Anda, who has worked for three years in the Great Mayan Aquifer project, without paying too much attention to it.
Last year, when I was investigating one of the cenotes that surround the El Castillo Pyramid or Temple of Kukulcán, he found the Balakmul cave.
"What we found there was incredible, all in an undisturbed context where a Tlaloc-type censer is part of a stalagmite," he explained.
Archaeologists, who have so far traveled 460 meters “On all fours or crawling over long distances”, they will continue exploring the cave that is about 24 meters deep and analyzing the archaeological objects in situ.
Experts believe that the largest censers could correspond to the Late Classic (years 700-800 of our era) and Terminal Classic (800-1000 of our era).
"The possible presence of older materials, including human skeletal remains, is not ruled out under the mud and sediments," the archaeologist concluded.
Guillermo de Anda said that the Mayans who currently live in the Yucatan Peninsula warned him that a poisonous coral viper was the guardian of the cave.
And indeed a reptile from that group blocked their access for four days.
At the request of the current Mayans who live in the surroundings of the archaeological site, the group of archaeologists carried out a spiritual ceremony "of reparation" which lasted six hours to avoid catastrophes by entering the cave.
The locals argue that the first archaeologist to seal the cave performed the same ritual, but it lasted two days.
In Mayan language, Balamkú means "jaguar god", alluding to the divine attribute that the ancient Mayans associated with this mythical animal, which had the ability to enter or leave the underworld.